Toxic nephropathy is an important cause of reversible renal injury if detected early. Renal damage can be due to several different mechanisms affecting different segments of the nephron, renal microvasculature or interstitium. Clinical signs may not be apparent in the early stages and assessment of renal function should include thorough evaluation of glomerular filtration rate, proximal and distal tubular function. A kidney biopsy may be indicated to establish the cause and effect relationship. The presence of comorbid conditions such as older age, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and congestive heart failure have a significant influence on the patient's ability to recover from the toxic effects. A significant degree of druginduced renal toxicity is only acceptable if the causative agent is used for the curative treatment of an underlying disease but not if the aim is the palliative or supportive therapy. The decision to reduce the dose or to stop the toxic agent must be based on the ultimate goal of therapy and the patient's baseline health status.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine