Rates of HCV treatment eligibility among HCV-monoinfected and HCV/HIV-coinfected patients in tertiary care referral centers

Adeel Butt, Uzma Khan, Obaid Shaikh, Deborah McMahon, Zachariah Dorey-Stein, Joel Tsevat, Vincent Lo Re

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Treatment eligibility rates in patients with HCV monoinfection have not been directly compared with patients with HCV/HIV coinfection. These data are important for planning interventions to optimize HCV management. Method: We enrolled consecutive HCV-monoinfected and HCV/HIV-coinfected subjects presenting to hepatology and HIV clinics at three academic medical centers. Data were obtained through structured subject and provider interviews and a review of medical records. Results: Of the 399 subjects enrolled, 241 (60%) were HCV monoinfected and 158 (40%) were HCV/HIV coinfected. HCV/HIV-coinfected subjects were less likely to have indications for treatment based on HCV RNA positivity (70.9% vs. 81.3%, p = .04) but were more likely to have at least one contraindication to treatment (81.6% vs. 64.9%, p < .004). Depression and ongoing alcohol and injection drug abuse were more common in the HCV/HIV-coinfected persons. HCV/HIVcoinfected persons were less likely to undergo liver biopsy or to ever get treatment for HCV. Conclusions: HCV/HIV-coinfected persons are less likely to undergo a liver biopsy or be eligible for HCV therapy and are more likely to have treatment contraindications compared with HCV-monoinfected subjects. Strategies to address modifiable factors (e.g., depression, substance abuse) may enhance treatment eligibility in HCV-infected populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-32
Number of pages8
JournalHIV Clinical Trials
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coinfection
  • Comorbidities
  • Contraindications
  • HCV
  • HIV
  • Treatment eligibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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