Rates of ankle and foot injuries in active-duty U.S. army soldiers, 2000-2006

Robert F. Wallace, Monika M. Wahi, Owen T. Hill, Ashley B. Kay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Ankle and foot injuries (AFI) are a major cause of Active-Duty Army (ADA) soldiers' time lost from training and combat operations. We used the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database to compute the rates of AFI to identify high-risk ADA groups for the years 2000-2006. During this time, 16% of soldiers were clinically seen at least once for an AFI. Yearly, 60% to 70% of ADA soldiers with AFI had an ankle sprain/strain, and ankle sprain/strain had the highest 7-year rate of all AFIs (103 per 1,000). From 2000 to 2006, all AFI rates declined; however, enlisted male soldiers ≤ 30 years of age without an advanced degree were at highest risk. A history of an AFI in the previous 2 years increased AFI rates by 93% to 160%. Our findings provide preliminary evidence for identifying specifi c ADA groups at high risk of AFI; these groups should be targeted for preventive interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-290
Number of pages8
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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