Rate of inactivation of adenyl cyclase and phosphodiesterase: Determinants of brain cyclic AMP

David J. Jones, Miguel A. Medina, David H. Ross, William B. Stavinoha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations


In order to assess the effects of time requirements of different tissue inactivation methods, concentrations of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in rat brain were determined. Fixation of tissues was obtained by the following methods: decapitation with removal of brain and freezing in liquid nitrogen; decapitation into liquid nitrogen; whole animal immersion in liquid nitrogen; 1.5 kW maximal field strength microwave irradiation for 8 seconds; and, 5 kW maximal field strength microwave irradiation for 2 seconds. Results of these studies indicate that as the time is reduced for inactivation of brain adenyl cyclase and phosphodiesterase, levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate become progressively lower. This same correlation is also evident in studies of regional brain concentrations of cyclic adenosine monophosphate after 1.5 kW and 5 kW microwave inactivation. It is concluded that 5 kW maximal field strength microwave exposure is the most rapid means of enzyme inactivation permitting a more accurate estimation of endogenous cyclic adenosine monophosphate concentrations. Its use offers rapid inactivation with minimization of trauma and facilities the study of regional metabolites through ease of dissection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1585
Number of pages9
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 16 1974


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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