Rat lung glutathione release: Response to oxidative stress and selenium deficiency

S. G. Jenkinson, T. H. Spence, R. A. Lawrence, K. E. Hill, C. A. Duncan, K. H. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We performed experiments to characterize the glutathione-dependent metabolism occurring during tert-butyl hydroperoxide infusion in isolated perfused rat lungs and to examine the effect of selenium deficiency on this metabolism. Selenium deficiency resulted in decreased lung glutathione peroxidase activity but normal glutathione reductase activity and glutathione content. Infusion of the hydroperoxide into control lungs caused a proportional increase in tissue glutathione disulfide (GSSG) concentration and release of GSSG into the perfusate up to an infusion rate of 250 nmol of tert-butyl hydroperoxide·min-1·100 g body wt-1. Infusion rates greater than this resulted in continued rise of tissue GSSG concentrations but GSSG release into the perfusate plateaued. Infusion of tert-butyl hydroperoxide into selenium-deficient rat lungs resulted in much lower concentrations of tissue GSSG and GSSG release into the perfusate; however, release in the selenium-deficient rat lung was also found to be saturable at infusion rates of 450 nmol of tert-butyl hydroperoxide·min-1·100 g body wt-1. Selenium deficiency in the rat decreases the rate of reduction of infused tert-butyl hydroperoxide by glutathione and may predispose the lung to free radical damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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