Rapid-prototyped PLGA/β-TCP/hydroxyapatite nanocomposite scaffolds in a rabbit femoral defect model

Jinku Kim, Sean McBride, Brandi Tellis, Pedro Alvarez-Urena, Young Hye Song, David D. Dean, Victor L. Sylvia, Hoda Elgendy, Joo Ong, Jeffrey O. Hollinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bone tissue engineering scaffolds composed of poly(d,l-lactide:glycolide) (DL-PLGA) and -tricalcium phosphate (-TCP) nanocomposites were prepared and characterized. Scaffolds with two specific architectures were produced via fused deposition modeling (FDM), a type of extrusion freeform fabrication. Microfilaments deposited at angles of 0° and 90° were designated as the simple scaffold architecture, while those deposited at angles alternating between 0°, 90°, 45° and45° were designated as the complex scaffold architecture. In addition, the simple and complex scaffolds were coated with hydroxyapatite (HA). The surface morphology of the scaffolds was assessed before and after HA coating and uniform distribution of HA coating on the surface was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The scaffolds were implanted into rabbit femoral unicortical bone defects according to four treatment groups based on pore structure and HA coating. After 6 and 12 weeks, scaffolds and host bone were recovered and processed for histology. Data suggest that all configurations of the scaffolds integrated with the host bone and were biocompatible and thus may offer an exciting new scaffold platform for delivery of biologicals for bone regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025003
JournalBiofabrication
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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