The nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) consist of a flavin-containing reductase domain, linked to a heme-containing oxygenase domain, by a calmodulin (CaM) binding sequence. The flavin-containing reductase domains of the NOS isoforms possess close sequence homology to NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). Additionally, the oxygenase domains catalyze mono-oxygenation of L-arginine through a cytochrome P450-like cysteine thiolate-liganded heme bound in the active site. With these considerations in mind, we conducted studies in an attempt to gain insight into the intermediates involved in flavoprotein-to-heme electron transfer in the NOSs. Static, steady-state, and stopped-flow kinetic studies indicated that nNOS must be reduced to a more than one-electron-reduced intermediate before efficient electron transfer can occur. Therefore, the possibility exists that the oxygenase domains of the NOS isoforms may receive their electrons from the reductase domains by a mechanism resembling the CPR-P450 interaction. Furthermore, the rate-limiting step in electron transfer appears to be the transfer of electrons from the flavoprotein to the oxygenase domain facilitated by the binding of CaM at increased intracellular Ca2+ concentrations. Thus, modulation of electron transfer rates appears to be regulated at the level of the flavoprotein domains of the NOS isoforms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Nov 11 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology