Radiological appearances of corpus luteum cysts and their imaging mimics

Apurva A. Bonde, Elena K. Korngold, Bryan R. Foster, Alice W. Fung, Roya Sohaey, David R. Pettersson, Alexander R. Guimaraes, Fergus V. Coakley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Purpose: To review the radiological appearances of corpus luteum cysts and their imaging mimics. Conclusion: Corpus luteum cysts are normal post-ovulatory structures seen in the ovaries through the second half of the menstrual cycle and the first trimester of pregnancy. The typical appearance, across all modalities, is of a 1- to 3-cm cyst with a thick crenulated vascularized wall. Occasionally, similar imaging findings may be seen with endometrioma, ectopic pregnancy, tuboovarian abscess, red degeneration of a fibroid, and ovarian neoplasia. In most cases, imaging findings are distinctive and allow for a confident and accurate diagnosis that provides reassurance for patients and referring physicians and avoids costly unnecessary follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2270-2282
Number of pages13
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • CT
  • Corpus luteum
  • MRI
  • Ovary
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology
  • Urology


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