Radiologic assessment of third molar tooth and spheno-occipital synchondrosis for age estimation: a multiple regression analysis study

Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Alper Sinanoglu, Marcel E Noujeim, Dilek Helvacioglu Yigit, Canan Baydemir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

For forensic age estimation, radiographic assessment of third molar mineralization is important between 14 and 21 years which coincides with the legal age in most countries. The spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) is an important growth site during development, and its use for age estimation is beneficial when combined with other markers. In this study, we aimed to develop a regression model to estimate and narrow the age range based on the radiologic assessment of third molar and SOS in a Turkish subpopulation. Panoramic radiographs and cone beam CT scans of 349 subjects (182 males, 167 females) with age between 8 and 25 were evaluated. Four-stage system was used to evaluate the fusion degree of SOS, and Demirjian’s eight stages of development for calcification for third molars. The Pearson correlation indicated a strong positive relationship between age and third molar calcification for both sexes (r = 0.850 for females, r = 0.839 for males, P <0.001) and also between age and SOS fusion for females (r = 0.814), but a moderate relationship was found for males (r = 0.599), P <0.001). Based on the results obtained, an age determination formula using these scores was established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Legal Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 4 2015

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Cone beam computed tomography
  • Forensic age estimation
  • Multiple regression analysis
  • Spheno-occipital synchondrosis
  • Third molar tooth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this