The pneumatized articular eminence of the temporal bone (PAT) is a cavity similar to that seen in the mastoid process that occurs in the zygomatic process of the temporal bone. Panoramic radiographs of 1061 dental school patients were reviewed to determine the radiographic appearance and population characteristics of this finding; PAT was found in 28 patients (2.6%). The mean age of the patients was 32.5 years; there was no sex predilection and four patients showed this defect bilaterally. Two radiographic types of PAT were identified, unilocular and multilocular. Panoramic radiography appears to be an efficacious method to display the articular eminence for visualization of PAT. Due to the relatively common occurrence of PAT and the increasing amount of surgery of the temporomandibular joint, visualization of this defect becomes important for the clinician planning surgical manipulation of the articular eminence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery