Under identical experimental conditions, purified preparations of rabbit liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and beef heart metmyoglobin were equally effective at stimulating the oxidation of aminopyrine to a free radical species by cumene hydroperoxide. Mannitol had no effect on radical levels produced with either hemeprotein-hydroperoxide system; however, specific ligands of the two hemeproteins, substrates of cytochrome P-450, and phospholipid affected the two systems quite differently. Only the metmyo-globindependent oxidation of aminopyrine was significantly inhibited by fluoride and cyanide. Metyrapone, a specific ligand of cytochrome P-450, and benzphetamine, which was N-demethylated by cumene hydroperoxide only in the presence of cytochrome P-450, inhibited only the cytochrome P-450-stimulated oxidation of aminopyrine. Moreover, only with the solubilized liver hemeprotein was aminopyrine radical generation markedly stimulated by phospholipid. Similar properties of aminopyrine N-demethylation and radical formation by the cytochrome P-450-cumene hydroperoxide system have strongly implicated the radical as a requisite intermediate in product formation. Micromolar concentrations of metyrapone caused parallel inhibition, by at least 50%, of both radical generation and formaldehyde production. These results support a radical pathway of N-demethylation proposed for other hemeprotein-hydroperoxide systems (B. W. Griffin and P. L. Ting, 1978, Biochemistry, 17, 2206-2211), in which the substrate undergoes two successive one-electron abstractions, followed by hydrolysis of the iminium cation intermediate. Thus, for this class of substrates, the experimental data are consistent with the oxygen atom of the product arising from H2O and not directly from the hydroperoxide, which has been previously proposed as a general mechanism for cytochrome P-450 peroxidatic activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology