Rad52 Restrains Resection at DNA Double-Strand Break Ends in Yeast

Zhenxin Yan, Chaoyou Xue, Sandeep Kumar, J. Brooks Crickard, Yang Yu, Weibin Wang, Nhung Pham, Yuxi Li, Hengyao Niu, Patrick Sung, Eric C. Greene, Grzegorz Ira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rad52 is a key factor for homologous recombination (HR) in yeast. Rad52 helps assemble Rad51-ssDNA nucleoprotein filaments that catalyze DNA strand exchange, and it mediates single-strand DNA annealing. We find that Rad52 has an even earlier function in HR in restricting DNA double-stranded break ends resection that generates 3′ single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) tails. In fission yeast, Exo1 is the primary resection nuclease, with the helicase Rqh1 playing a minor role. We demonstrate that the choice of two extensive resection pathways is regulated by Rad52. In rad52 cells, the resection rate increases from ∼3–5 kb/h up to ∼10–20 kb/h in an Rqh1-dependent manner, while Exo1 becomes dispensable. Budding yeast Rad52 similarly inhibits Sgs1-dependent resection. Single-molecule analysis with purified budding yeast proteins shows that Rad52 competes with Sgs1 for DNA end binding and inhibits Sgs1 translocation along DNA. These results identify a role for Rad52 in limiting ssDNA generated by end resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-711.e6
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2019

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • double-strand break
  • homologous recombination
  • Rad52
  • RecQ helicase
  • resection
  • yeast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Yan, Z., Xue, C., Kumar, S., Crickard, J. B., Yu, Y., Wang, W., Pham, N., Li, Y., Niu, H., Sung, P., Greene, E. C., & Ira, G. (2019). Rad52 Restrains Resection at DNA Double-Strand Break Ends in Yeast. Molecular Cell, 76(5), 699-711.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2019.08.017