Race, kidney disease progression, and mortality risk in HIV-infected persons

Tahira Palmer Alves, Todd Hulgan, Pingsheng Wu, Timothy R. Sterling, Samuel E. Stinnette, Peter F. Rebeiro, Andrew J. Vincz, Marino Bruce, T. Alp Ikizler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: The burden of HIV-associated chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing in the United States, partially because of increased HIV-infection rates among African Americans. We determined the prevalence, incidence, and risk of rapid estimated GFR (eGFR) decline, ESRD, and death among HIV-infected (HIV+) African-American and non-African-American individuals cared for at the Comprehensive Care Center in Nashville, Tennessee, from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2005. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Mixed effects, competing risks, and Poisson and Cox regression models were used to assess the risk of rapid eGFR decline (defined as ≥50% decrease in baseline eGFR), CKD5/ESRD, and death. The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation was used to calculate eGFR. Confounders were adjusted with a propensity score that related patient characteristics to the probability of being African American. Mixed effects models compared the rate of rapid eGFR decline for HIV-infected African Americans and non-African Americans. Results: There were 2468 HIV-infected individuals in the study: 33% African American; 21% female. Among all patients, HIV-infected African Americans did not have a statistically significant increased risk for rapid eGFR decline compared with non-African Americans. However, African Americans had a significantly higher risk of ESRD and tended toward a higher risk of death. Conclusions: HIV-infected African Americans did not have a statistically significant difference in the risk of eGFR decline when compared with HIV-infected non-African Americans. The findings in this study have potential public health significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2269-2275
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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    Alves, T. P., Hulgan, T., Wu, P., Sterling, T. R., Stinnette, S. E., Rebeiro, P. F., Vincz, A. J., Bruce, M., & Ikizler, T. A. (2010). Race, kidney disease progression, and mortality risk in HIV-infected persons. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 5(12), 2269-2275. https://doi.org/10.2215/CJN.00520110