Quantitative loci regulating plasma levels of γ glutamyl transferase and albumin and their genetic correlations with cardiovascular risk factors

Tanushree Bose, V. Saroja Voruganti, M. Elizabeth Tejero, J. Michael Proffitt, Laura A. Cox, John L. VandeBerg, Michael C. Mahaney, Jeffrey Rogers, Jeanne H. Freeland-Graves, Shelley A. Cole, Anthony G. Comuzzie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    γ Glutamyl transferase (GGT) and albumin (ALB) are two markers of liver function. These two proteins have been associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to explore the genetic factors that influence variation in the plasma levels of GGT and ALB and to evaluate their genetic correlations with cardiovascular risk factors. Baboons from the Southwest National Primate Research Center at the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research, San Antonio, TX, were used as an animal model. The baboons were fed a standard monkey chow diet ad libitum. Fasting plasma concentrations of GGT, ALB, triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were measured in 350 pedigreed adult baboons by standard assay procedures. A maximum likelihood-based variance decomposition approach implemented in the computer program SOLAR was used to conduct genetic analyses. The heritabilities of GGT (h2 = 0.55; P < 0.0001) and ALB (h 2 = 0.42; P < 0.01) were significant. No statistically significant associations were found between GGT and the cardiovascular-related phenotypes. Genetic correlations between ALB and total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides were significant. A QTL (LOD = 2.8) for GGT plasma levels was identified on the baboon homologue of human chromosome 22 between markers D22S304 and D22S280. A QTL (LOD = 2.3) near marker D10S1432 was detected on the baboon homologue of human chromosome 10 for ALB. These results imply that variations in the plasma levels of GGT and ALB are under significant genetic regulation and that a common genetic component influences ALB and cardiovascular risk factor phenotypes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1519-1524
    Number of pages6
    JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
    Volume234
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

    Keywords

    • Atherosclerosis
    • Genome scan
    • NAFLD
    • Obesity
    • Oxidative stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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