Stimulated and basal adenylate cyclase activities from livers of young and old rats were lower in particulates than in homogenates. Particulates were compared to homogenates by reconstituting the suspensions to the volume of the homogenates from which they were derived; enzyme activities in paired homogenates and particulates therefore reflected the same amounts of membrane-bound enzyme. The magnitude of the losses of hormone-sensitive activities in particulates was dependent on the age and sex of the animals and the concentrations of hormone. Particulates from 3-month-old animals showed glucagon-( (1 · 10-5 M) and epinephrine-sensitive (1 · 10-4 M) activities which were 67 and 78% of homogenate activities, respectively; particulates from 24-month-old animals had activities relative to homogenates of 55% for glucagon and as low as 32% for epinephrine. The glucagon dose vs. response curve in particulates and membranes showed maximal activity at 1 · 10-7 M glucagon while in homogenates activity increased linearly with increasing glucagon concentrations up to 1 · 10-5 M. Losses of basal and anion-stimulated activities were similar at both ages. Fluoride and azide stimulations relative to basal activities were greater in particulates than in homogenates, while relative epinephrine activity was lower in particulates, suggesting qualitative alteration of adenylate cyclase during preparation of particulates. These studies show that adenylate cyclase activity in rat liver is presently best quantitated in homogenates and suggest caution in comparisons of enzyme activities based on particulates or membranes prepared from animals of differing physiologic states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology