Pyridine nucleotide synthesis in 3T3 cells

Elaine L. Jacobson, Richard A. Lange, Myron K. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biosynthesis of NAD has been examined in 3T3 cells. The net synthesis of pyridine nucleotides does not occur when cells are cultured in the absence of performed pyridine ring compounds; however, growth continues normally for up to four cell doublings resulting in cells with a total pyridine nucleotide content that is reduced by as much as 12‐fold. The mechanism that adjust the relative amounts of NADP and NAD are also altered such that the amount of NADP relative to NAD increases 5‐fold. Both nicotinate and nicotinamide can be used as a precursor for NAD biosynthesis, however nicotinate is utilized less efficiently than nicotinamide. The presence of functional pathways for the biosynthesis of NAD from nicotinate via nicotinate mononucleotide and nicotinate adenine dinucleotide and from nicotinamide via nicotinamide mononucleotide has been demonstrated by identification of biosynthetic intermediates following short term exposure of cells to radiolabelled precursors. When cells are grown in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium which contains 33 μM nicotinamide the biosynthesis of NAD proceeds by a single pathway with nicotinamide mononucleotide as the only intermediate. Nicotinamide ribonucleoside which previously has been postulated to be an intermediate in the conversion of nicotinamide to NAD is not an intermediate in NAD biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume99
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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