Purification and characterization of the flavoprotein tryptophan 2-monooxygenase expressed at high levels in escherichia coli

John J. Emanuele, Carl J. Heasley, Paul F. Fitzpatrick

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tryptophan 2-monooxygenase from Pseudomonas savastanoi is a flavoprotein which catalyzes the formation of indoleacetamide from tryptophan. This is the first step in a two-step pathway for the formation of indoleacetic acid during infection of plants and subsequent gall formation by this and other bacteria. The enzyme has been expressed in Escherichia coli at high levels, and a purification procedure has been developed which generates micromolar amounts of protein. The purified enzyme contains tightly bound indoleacetamide; a method involving dialysis against 20% methanol has been developed for removing the indoleacetamide without significant loss of enzyme activity. Amino acids with large hydrophobic side chains are the best substrates. N-substituted phenylalanines will also act as substrates. N-ethylmaleimide, methyl methanethiol-sulfonate, and diethylpyrocarbonate act as active site-directed reagents, consistent with a histidine and a cysteine at or near the enzyme active site. Vinylglycine partially inactivates the enzyme, while propargylglycine has no effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume316
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1995

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Keywords

  • Flavoproteins
  • Indoleacetic acid
  • Inhibitors
  • Overexpression
  • Purification
  • Tryptophan 2-monooxygenase
  • Vinylglycine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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