Campylobacter rectus is a putative periodontopathogen which expresses a proteinaceous surface layer (S-layer) external to the outer membrane. S- layers are considered to play a protective role for the microorganism in hostile environments. The S-layer proteins from six different C. rectus strains (five human isolates and a nonhuman primate [NHP] isolate) were isolated, purified, and characterized. The S-layer proteins of these strains varied in molecular mass (ca. 150 to 166 kDa) as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. They all reacted with monospecific rabbit antiserum to the purified S-layer of C. rectus 314, but a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated a strong antigenic relationship among the five human strains, while the NHP strain, 6250, showed weaker reactivity. Amino acid composition analysis showed that the S-layers of four C. rectus strains contained large proportions of acidic amino acids (13 to 27%) and that >34% of the amino acid residues were hydrophobic. Amino acid sequence analysis of six S-layer proteins revealed that the first 15 amino-terminal amino acids were identical and showed seven residues of identity with the amino-terminal sequence of the Campylobacter fetus S-layer protein SapA1. CNBr peptide profiles of the S-layer proteins from C. rectus 314, ATCC 33238, and 6250 confirmed that the S-layer proteins from the human strains were similar to each other and somewhat different from that of the NHP isolate (strain 6250). However, the S-layer proteins from the two human isolates do show some structural heterogeneity. For example, there was a 17-kDa fragment unique to the C. rectus 314 S-layer. The amino-terminal sequence of this peptide had homology with the C. rectus 51-kDa porin and was composed of nearly 50% hydrophobic residues. Thus, the S-layer protein from C. rectus has structural heterogeneity among different human strains and immunoheterogeneity with the NHP strain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases