Pulmonary and systemic nitric oxide metabolites in a baboon model of neonatal chronic lung disease

David A. Munson, Peter H. Grubb, Jay D. Kerecman, Donald C. McCurnin, Bradley A. Yoder, Stanley L. Hazen, Philip W. Shaul, Harry Ischiropoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We report on developmental changes of pulmonary and systemic nitric oxide (NO) metabolites in a baboon model of chronic lung disease with or without exposure to inhaled NO. The plasma levels of nitrite and nitrate, staining for S-nitrosothiols and 3-nitrotyrosine in the large airways, increased between 125 d and 140d of gestation (term 185 d) in animals developing in utero. The developmental increase in NO-mediated protein modifications was not interrupted by delivery at 125 d of gestation and mechanical ventilation for 14 d, whereas plasma nitrite and nitrate levels increased in this model. Exposure to inhaled NO resulted in a further increase in plasma nitrite and nitrate and an increase in plasma S-nitrosothiol without altering lung NO synthase expression. These data demonstrate a developmental progression in levels of pulmonary NO metabolites that parallel known maturational increases in total NO synthase activity in the lung. Despite known suppression of total pulmonary NO synthase activity in the chronic lung disease model, pulmonary and systemic NO metabolite levels are higher than in the developmental control animals. Thus, a deficiency in NO production and biological function in the premature baboon was not apparent by the detection and quantification of these surrogate markers of NO production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)582-588
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005


  • 3-nitrotyrosine
  • Baboon
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Nitric oxide
  • Prematurity
  • S-nitrosocysteine
  • S-nitrosothiols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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