Pubertal bisphenol A exposure alters murine mammary stem cell function leading to early neoplasia in regenerated glands

Danhan Wang, Hui Gao, Abhik Bandyopadhyay, Anqi Wu, I. Tien Yeh, Yidong Chen, Yi Zou, Changjiang Huang, Christi A. Walter, Qiaoxiang Dong, Lu Zhe Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perinatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to cause aberrant mammary gland morphogenesis and mammary neoplastic transformation. Yet, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that mammary glands exposed to BPA during a susceptible window may lead to its susceptibility to tumorigenesis through a stem cell-mediated mechanism. We exposed 21-day-old Balb/c mice to BPA by gavage (25 mg/kg/d) during puberty for 3 weeks, and a subset of animals were further challenged with one oral dose (30 mg/kg) of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) at 2 months of age. Primary mammary cells were isolated at 6 weeks, and 2 and 4 months of age for murine mammary stem cell (MaSC) quantification and function analysis. Pubertal exposure to the low-dose BPA increased lateral branches and hyperplasia in adult mammary glands and caused an acute increase of MaSC in 6-week-old glands and a delayed increase of luminal progenitors in 4-month-old adult gland. Most importantly, pubertal BPA exposure altered the function of MaSC from different age groups, causing early neoplastic lesions in their regenerated glands similar to those induced by DMBA exposure, which indicates that MaSCs are susceptible to BPA-induced transformation. Deep sequencing analysis on MaSC-enriched mammospheres identified a set of aberrantly expressed genes associated with early neoplastic lesions in patients with human breast cancer. Thus, our study for the first time shows that pubertal BPA exposure altered MaSC gene expression and function such that they induced early neoplastic transformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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