Psychosocial Risk Factors for Perinatal Depression among Female Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perinatal depression is a health concern among pregnant and postpartum adolescents as it may negatively impact fetal development and result in complications such as preterm delivery, low infant birth weight, and poor maternal-infant attachment. The purpose of this systematic review is to examine psychosocial risk factors for depression among adolescents during pregnancy and postpartum. A literature search was conducted from five databases from 1995 to 2016. A total of 17 studies matched the inclusion criteria. Lack of social support, perceived stress, prior history of depression, and a history of sexual or physical violence were most frequently identified as potential risk factors for perinatal depression. Additional risk factors include the adolescent's perception of her pregnancy, family criticism, self-efficacy, self-esteem, substance use, parental stress, community violence, anxiety, and African-American ethnicity. Research and clinical implications are indicated for adolescents at risk for perinatal depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-642
Number of pages10
JournalIssues in Mental Health Nursing
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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