Psychosocial predictors of high-risk patients undergoing orthognathic surgery.

A. A. Scott, J. P. Hatch, J. D. Rugh, S. M. Rivera, T. J. Hoffman, C. Dolce, R. A. Bays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this analysis was to identify a set of predictor variables that are prospectively related to postsurgical outcomes. Specifically, psychosocial characteristics were sought to predict postsurgical outcomes. The 5 Revised Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R) scales, the neuroticism score of the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), the psychosocial domain score from the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), and 4 scales from the Oral Health Status Questionnaire (OHSQ) were used as the predictors. A total of 31 male and 86 female subjects participated in this multicenter randomized trial, which compared rigid and wire fixation. Data were collected prior to placement of orthodontic appliances, 1 to 2 weeks presurgery, and at 1 week, 8 weeks, 6 months, and 2 years after surgery. Baseline oral health was used as an indicator of postsurgical oral health functioning. A path analytic model of influences on presurgical oral health was estimated (R2 = 0.43). The results suggest that presurgical screening of demographic characteristics (age, sex, and ethnicity), oral health (the OHSQ), quality of life issues (SIP), and personality features (SCL-90-R), accounts for 23% to 39% of the variance in postsurgical oral health outcomes. The path analysis conducted suggests that a patient's age, ethnicity, gender, and elevated scores on the EPI have indirect effects on postsurgical health. As determined by a 2-stage least squares regression model, 3 variables--the patient's presurgical oral health (per the OHSQ), pre- and postsurgical Global Severity Index (GSI) score from the SCL-90-R, and the psychosocial scale score from the SIP--were found to have a statistically significant impact on postsurgical outcomes. Additionally, the GSI, SIP, and OHSQ are reliable measures in predicting oral health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-124
Number of pages12
JournalThe International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery
Volume14
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Scott, A. A., Hatch, J. P., Rugh, J. D., Rivera, S. M., Hoffman, T. J., Dolce, C., & Bays, R. A. (1999). Psychosocial predictors of high-risk patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. The International journal of adult orthodontics and orthognathic surgery, 14(2), 113-124.