Psychological distress in childhood trauma survivors who abuse drugs

Martha A. Medrano, John P Hatch, William A. Zule, David P. Desmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The relationships between the level of childhood maltreatment and current psychological distress were examined in a community sample of 676 substance abusing men and women using a validated self-report instrument (the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) designed to measure physical, emotional, and sexual abuse and physical and emotional neglect. Current levels of self-reported psychological distress/symptoms were measured using a 53-item Brief Symptom Inventory. Prevalence of early trauma ranged from 44% for emotional neglect to 65% for sexual abuse. The severity of all forms of childhood maltreatment were directly associated with current psychological distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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