Psychiatric comorbidities of chronic migraine in community and tertiary care clinic samples

Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Esther Angélica Coelho Costa, Ariovaldo Alberto Da Silva, Igor Alvarenga Moreira Dos Santos, Rodrigo Santiago Gómez, Arthur Kummer, Edward C. Lauterbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Although the association between episodic migraine and psychiatric comorbidities is well documented, few studies have focused on the comorbidity with chronic migraine (CM) and discrepancies exist between population-based and clinic-based data. The objective of this study is to compare demographic and psychiatric comorbidity correlates between CM samples drawn from the community and tertiary care. All inhabitants from a city borough were interviewed for the presence of headaches occurring 15 or more days per month. CM was diagnosed after subjects had been interviewed and examined by a headache doctor. Participants were also assessed with a structured interview by a psychiatrist, who assigned diagnoses based on the DSM-IV. The same investigators assessed all patients consecutively seen in a universitybased outpatient headache center over a 4-month period. The samples consist of 41 individuals from the community and 43 from the headache center. Sociodemographic profiles were similar between groups with the exception of the mean number of years of formal education. Among individuals from the community, psychiatric diagnoses were present in 65.9 % of cases, relative to 83.7 % in those from the headache center (p = 0.06). Phobias (41.9 vs. 29.3 %) and depression (32.6 vs. 29.3 %) were more frequent in patients from the headache center, but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Thus the frequency of psychiatric disorders in patients with CM was elevated in both settings, being higher in the specialty care clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-555
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Headache and Pain
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Anxiety
  • Chronic migraine
  • Comorbidity
  • Depression
  • Migraine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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