Changes in the net protonation of D-amino acid oxidase during binding of competitive inhibitors and during reduction by amino acids have been monitored using phenol red as a pH indicator. At pH 8.0, no uptake or release of protons from solution occurs upon binding the inhibitors benzoate, anthranilate, picolinate, or L-leucine. The Kd values for both picolinate and anthranilate were determined from pH 5.4 to 9.0. The results are consistent with a single group on the enzyme having a pK of 6.3 which must be unprotonated for tight binding, as is the case with benzoate binding (Quay, S., and Massey, V. (1977) Biochemistry 16, 3348-3354) and with tight binding of the inhibitor form with an unprotonated amino group. Upon reduction of the enzyme by amino acid substrates, two protons are released to solution. The first is released concomitantly with reduction to the reduced enzyme-imino acid charge transfer complex. The second is released only upon dissociation of the charge transfer complex to free reduced enzyme and imino acid. The first proton is assigned as arising from the amino acid group and the second from the amino acid alpha-hydrogen. These results are consistent with the flavin in reduced D-amino acid oxidase being anionic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 10 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology