Protein adsorption characteristics of plasma treated polyurethane surfaces

T. L. Sterrett, R. Sachdeva, P. Jerabek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The effect of various plasma surface treatments on the protein adsorption characteristics of two polyurethane elastomers (Acushnet E417-0 [ACx] and Texin 480 AR [TN]) were studied. Both substrates are based upon diphenylmethane 4,4′-diisocyanate (MDI) hard segments and polyester soft segments. Adsorption characteristics of the untreated samples were initially established, followed by plasma treated surfaces. Contact angle and 2 h albumin adsorption were determined. (1) Results of this study indicate that the protein adsorption characteristics of crosslinked substrate ACx is more linear than that of non-crosslinked substrate TN. Further, substrate TN adsorbs seven-fold greater protein at a rate four times higher on its surface than ACx. N,N-Ethylene bis (stearamide), a processing aid used in substrate TN, may encourage greater protein adsorption on substrate TN and variation in the soft segment mobility between the substrates also may affect their adsorption characteristics. (2) Plasma treatments using CH4 and/or CxFy chemistries increased the contact angle for both substrates while those with O2 and O2/CF4 decreased the contact angle for the substrates considered. In general, the contact angle of the substrates exhibiting greater protein adsorption was smaller.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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