Prostate rebiopsy is a poor surrogate of treatment efficacy in localized prostate cancer

David Svetec, Kevin McCabe, Samuel Peretsman, Eric Klein, Howard Levin, Scott Optenberg, Ian Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Purpose: Many investigators use prostate rebiopsy as an indicator of treatment efficacy and tumor response of localized prostate cancer for therapies in which the gland remains in situ. Because of the inherent sampling error of needle directed biopsies, however, some men will have a false-negative rebiopsy even if they have had no therapy or if the therapeutic intervention was unsuccessful in eradicating the malignancy. We evaluate the risk of a false-negative biopsy and the clinical factors that influence this risk. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for clinically localized disease underwent sextant biopsy of the prostate immediately after removal of the gland. Data collected included prostate specific antigen (PSA), hormonal status, age and biopsy core status. Results: Of the total study population 67.8% received neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. While all patients had pathologically confirmed adenocarcinoma within the prostatectomy specimen, 45.6% demonstrated a false- negative rebiopsy. Within a combined predictive model, PSA and hormonal status demonstrated a statistically significant effect on the false-negative rebiopsy rate. Predictive power of this combined model was high across the spectrum of risk for a false-negative rebiopsy. Conclusions: This series demonstrates that the risk of a false-negative sextant biopsy in the presence of documented prostate cancer is high and is affected by several factors, including PSA and hormonal status. These data suggest that prostate sextant rebiopsy is an inaccurate method of assessing the therapeutic efficacy of treatments for carcinoma of the prostate in which the gland remains in situ following therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1606-1608
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1998


  • Biopsy
  • Prostatic neoplasms
  • Treatment outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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