Prostate Artery Embolization in Patients with Prostate Volumes of 80 mL or More: A Single-Institution Retrospective Experience of 93 Patients

Shivank Bhatia, Vishal K. Sinha, Sardis Harward, Christopher Gomez, Bruce R. Kava, Dipen J. Parekh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of prostate artery embolization (PAE) for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia for prostates ≥ 80 mL. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of 93 patients with prostate volumes (PVs) ≥ 80 mL treated with PAE from April 2014 through October 2017. Mean patient age was 68.5 years (range 52–88) and mean age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index was 3.2 (range 1–8). Exclusion criteria included history of biopsy-proven prostate cancer or catheter dependency. Clinical and urodynamic outcomes were reviewed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Adverse events were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: Mean PV decreased significantly from 141.7 mL to 98.1 mL at 3 months (P <.01) and 82.2 mL at 12 months (P <.01). Significant improvements were seen in 3- and 12-month mean International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) (22.3 vs 7.1 and 7.3, respectively; P <.01 for both), quality of life (QOL) (4.4 vs 1.2 and 1.3; P <.01 for both), and postvoid residual volume (196.7mL vs 92.1 and 61.2 mL; P <.01 and P <.01, respectively). Significant improvement was also seen in 3-month mean maximum urinary flow: 7.7 mL/s vs 12.8 mL/s (P <.01). One grade II complication of stroke occurred; all other complications were self-limited and grade I. Conclusions: PAE achieved a clinically and statistically significant improvement in symptom burden and secondary outcome measures in patients with PVs ≥ 80 mL. PAE may be an alternate treatment for patients for whom conventional surgical options are limited or associated with significant morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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