Proposed revision to the taxonomy of the genus Pestivirus, family Flaviviridae

Donald B. Smith, Gregor Meyers, Jens Bukh, Ernest A. Gould, Thomas Monath, A. Scott Muerhoff, Alexander Pletnev, Rebecca Rico-Hesse, Jack T. Stapleton, Peter Simmonds, Paul Becher

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    133 Scopus citations


    We propose the creation of seven new species in the genus Pestivirus (family Flaviviridae) in addition to the four existing species, and naming species in a host-independent manner using the format Pestivirus X. Only the virus species names would change; virus isolates would still be referred to by their original names. The original species would be re-designated as Pestivirus A (original designation Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1), Pestivirus B (Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2), Pestivirus C (Classical swine fever virus) and Pestivirus D (Border disease virus). The seven new species (and example isolates) would be Pestivirus E (pronghorn pestivirus), Pestivirus F (Bungowannah virus), Pestivirus G (giraffe pestivirus), Pestivirus H (Hobi-like pestivirus), Pestivirus I (Aydin-like pestivirus), Pestivirus J (rat pestivirus) and Pestivirus K (atypical porcine pestivirus). A batderived virus and pestiviruses identified from sheep and goat (Tunisian sheep pestiviruses), which lack complete coding region sequences, may represent two additional species.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2106-2112
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of General Virology
    Issue number8
    StatePublished - 2017


    • ICTV
    • Pestivirus
    • Taxonomy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Virology


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