Promising antineoplastic actions of melatonin

Gaia Favero, Enrico Moretti, Francesca Bonomini, Russel J. Reiter, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Rita Rezzani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Melatonin is an endogenous indoleamine with an incredible variety of properties and activities. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have investigated this indoleamine's interaction with cancerous cells. In particular, it seems that melatonin not only has the ability to improve the efficacy of many drugs used in chemotherapy but also has a direct inhibitory action on neoplastic cells. Many publications underlined the ability of melatonin to suppress the proliferation of various cancer cells or to modulate the expression of membrane receptors on these cells, thereby reducing tumor aggressiveness to metastasize. In addition, while melatonin has antiapoptotic actions in normal cells, in many cancer cells it has proapoptotic effects; these dichotomous actions have gained the interest of researchers. The increasing focus on melatonin in the field of oncology and the growing number of studies on this topic require a deep understanding of what we already know about the antineoplastic actions of melatonin. This information would be of value for potential use of melatonin against neoplastic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1086
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume9
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2018

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cancer hallmarks
  • Cancer treatment
  • Melatonin
  • Oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Favero, G., Moretti, E., Bonomini, F., Reiter, R. J., Fabrizio Rodella, L., & Rezzani, R. (2018). Promising antineoplastic actions of melatonin. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 9(OCT), [1086]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2018.01086