Prognostic value of preoperative inflammation-based predictors in patients with bladder carcinoma after radical cystectomy

Huiming Gui, Yutong Song, Yongsheng Yin, Hanzhang Wang, Ronald Rodriguez, Zhiping Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Emerging evidence has related inflammation-based biomarkers to numerous carcinomas, including bladder carcinoma (BC). However, the role of inflammatory biomarkers in the prognosis of BC remains inconclusive. This study aimed to compare preoperative plasma fibrinogen (PF) and other inflammatory biomarkers such as the platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and serum albumin level to predict the prognosis of patients with BC. This article focused on a retrospective analysis of 175 patients with newly diagnosed BC who were admitted to our hospital from March 2005 to March 2016. Of these BC patients, 136 had undergone radical cystectomy (RC). According to multivariate analysis, high PF level was an independent predictor of overall survival (OS) in 136 BC patients receiving RC (HR = 3.759; P = 0.011), but not for all 175 BC patients. Combining the NLR and PF values showed higher predictive accuracy for OS than NLR or PF alone (P < 0.05). Additionally, for 136 BC patients who had undergone RC, a close relationship was found between high PF levels (≥3.39 g/L) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.011) and clinical T stage (P = 0.015). Furthermore, PF was a superior prognostic factor compared with the LMR, PLR, CRP, and albumin values in 136 BC patients who had undergone RC (P < 0.001). The preoperative PF level may be a prognostic biomarker; and when combined with the NLR, it can improve the predictive ability of the survival of BC patients, particularly of BC patients who underwent RC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-825
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Medicine (Poland)
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • bladder carcinoma
  • inflammatory biomarker
  • neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio
  • plasma fibrinogen
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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