Primate models for human brain aging and neurological diseases

Caleb Finch, Steve Austad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the longest lived primate species, humans present a remarkable divergence from brain aging processes of their lineage. One way to investigate genetic infl uences on aging is to make informative comparisons among closely related species. Even though they are nearly identical to chimpanzees and bonobos in nucleotide sequence, humans appear unique in the primate lineages in their vulnerability to neurodegeneration at later ages, although this level of neurodegeneration was not common until the 20th century. The great apes typically have minor neurodegenerative changes of aging relative to the longer lived humans after the age of 70 years or even compared to shorter lived monkeys by the age of 20 years. Surprisingly, an even shorter lived monkey (marmoset) and a prosimian (grey mouse lemur) have extensive earlier deposits of brain amyloid before 10 years, which offer experimental opportunity for interventions into brain aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
Pages139-170
Number of pages32
Volume34
Edition1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAnnual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Number1
Volume34
ISSN (Print)01988794
ISSN (Electronic)19444036

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Health(social science)
  • Aging

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  • Cite this

    Finch, C., & Austad, S. (2014). Primate models for human brain aging and neurological diseases. In Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics (1 ed., Vol. 34, pp. 139-170). (Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics; Vol. 34, No. 1). Springer Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1891/0198-8794.34.139