Purpose: An increased incidence of bleeding complications has been observed after supraceliac aortic clamping (SCC). This study was performed to identify possible hemostatic abnormalities that contribute to this problem. Methods: A prospective cohort study over a 3-month period was performed by comparing hemostatic parameters in 10 consecutive patients who required elective SCC with those of eight concurrent randomly selected control subjects who required infrarenal clamping (IRC) for abdominal aortic reconstruction. Measures of coagulation, fibrinolysis, platelet function, temperature, hemodilution, and hepatic function were performed at selected times before, during, and after operation. Results: Aneurysm size, fibrinogen, D-dimers, prothrombin, partial thromboplastin time, platelet counts, bleeding times, hemodilution, and temperature were comparable in both groups. Patients in the SCC group, however, consistently developed a primary fibrinolytic state within 20 minutes after supraceliac clamping, reflected by significantly decreased euglobulin clot lysis times (ECLT; p < 0.0001), elevated tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) levels (p < 0.0006), elevated t- PA-to-plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 ratios (p < 0.0001), and reduced α2- antiplasmin levels (p < 0.002). SCC produced hepatocellular injury documented by elevations in both aspartate transaminase (p < 0.0001) and lactate dehydrogenase (p < 0.009). Conclusions: SCC rapidly induces a primary fibrinolytic state manifested by increased circulating t-PA, reduced α2- antiplasmin, and increased fibrinolytic activator-to-inhibitor ratios. These effects may be a result of hepatic hypoperfusion caused by SCC leading to insufficient clearance of t-PA. Antifibrinolytic agents may be of benefit if bleeding develops after aortic procedures that require supraceliac damping.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine