Prevention of post-operative pediatric tracheotomy wounds: A multidisciplinary team approach

Timothy P. McEvoy, Nolan B. Seim, Abdullah Aljasser, Charles A. Elmaraghy, Brenda Ruth, Leslie Justice, Sarah Begue, Kris R. Jatana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Tracheotomy-related pressure wounds have been reported as high as 29%. All advanced stage (stage 3 or 4) wounds are reported by hospitals, and CMS will no longer reimburse healthcare costs to manage them. We present the results of an intensive, multidisciplinary wound prevention strategy starting in the operating room at the time of tracheotomy placement. Methods Prospective analysis of a tracheostomy wound care protocol at an academic, tertiary-care pediatric hospital from September 2012 to February 2016. Participants include all patients having undergone tracheostomy placement followed by protocoled daily dressing changes until the first tracheostomy tube change by team consisting a senior level otolaryngology resident or pediatric otolaryngology fellow, certified wound care specialist, respiratory therapist, and bedside nurse. Results Post-operative tracheostomy-related wound data from 3 years prior to clinical intervention was obtained and compared to the intervention cohort. From March 2010–August 2012, 161 tracheotomy procedures were performed with 36 (22.4%) subsequent pressure wounds; 31% of these were stage 3 or 4 wounds. After multidisciplinary protocol implementation, there have been 121 additional tracheotomy procedures with reduction to 12 (9.9%) total tracheotomy-related wounds (p = 0.0064) and none (0%) were stage 3 or 4 (p = 0.0014). All stage 1 and 2 wounds were identified early, underwent appropriate intervention, and avoided further progression. Conclusions This protocol was successful in the elimination of all tracheostomy-related advanced stage, hospital-acquired pressure injuries and led to prompt identification of early stage wounds post-operatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-239
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume97
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Complication
  • Pressure injury
  • Pressure wound
  • Skin injury
  • Tracheostomy tube
  • Tracheotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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