Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training

Larry Williams, Gary Gackstetter, Edna Fiedler, Charles Hermesch, Harry Lando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To support the goal of a tobacco-free Air Force, a longitudinal study of 3,531 first-term airmen was conducted during basic military training (BMT) at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. Tobacco use is currently prohibited during the 6-week period of BMT. Three self-reported surveys to determine tobacco use prevalence and behaviors were administered at the beginning, end, and 90 days post-BMT. Results indicate that 36% of men and 29% of women used some form of tobacco prior to BMT. Within 90 days after completing BMT, 74% of matched males and females resumed tobacco use and 6% of matched males and females initiated tobacco use. Regression analysis found that several survey questions could predict 85% of tobacco use and 88% of non-tobacco use after BMT. We conclude that tobacco prohibition during BMT has a small, beneficial effect on post-BMT tobacco use. Further efforts, however, are needed to meet the goal of a tobacco-free Air Force.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-323
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume161
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Military Personnel
Tobacco Use
Tobacco
Air
Longitudinal Studies
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Williams, L., Gackstetter, G., Fiedler, E., Hermesch, C., & Lando, H. (1996). Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training. Military Medicine, 161(6), 318-323.

Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training. / Williams, Larry; Gackstetter, Gary; Fiedler, Edna; Hermesch, Charles; Lando, Harry.

In: Military Medicine, Vol. 161, No. 6, 1996, p. 318-323.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Williams, L, Gackstetter, G, Fiedler, E, Hermesch, C & Lando, H 1996, 'Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training', Military Medicine, vol. 161, no. 6, pp. 318-323.
Williams L, Gackstetter G, Fiedler E, Hermesch C, Lando H. Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training. Military Medicine. 1996;161(6):318-323.
Williams, Larry ; Gackstetter, Gary ; Fiedler, Edna ; Hermesch, Charles ; Lando, Harry. / Prevalence of tobacco use among first-term air force personnel before and after basic military training. In: Military Medicine. 1996 ; Vol. 161, No. 6. pp. 318-323.
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