Prevalence of Monosodium Urate (MSU) Deposits in Cadavers Detected by Dual-Energy Computed Tomography (DECT)

Andrea S. Klauser, Sylvia Strobl, Christoph Schwabl, Werner Klotz, Gudrun Feuchtner, Bernhard Moriggl, Julia Held, Mihra Taljanovic, Jennifer S. Weaver, Monique Reijnierse, Elke R. Gizewski, Hannes Stofferin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) allows direct visualization of monosodium urate (MSU) deposits in joints and soft tissues. Purpose: To describe the distribution of MSU deposits in cadavers using DECT in the head, body trunk, and feet. Materials and Methods: A total of 49 cadavers (41 embalmed and 8 fresh cadavers; 20 male, 29 female; mean age, 79.5 years; SD ± 11.3; range 52–95) of unknown clinical history underwent DECT to assess MSU deposits in the head, body trunk, and feet. Lens, thoracic aorta, and foot tendon dissections of fresh cadavers were used to verify MSU deposits by polarizing light microscopy. Results: 33/41 embalmed cadavers (80.5%) showed MSU deposits within the thoracic aorta. 11/41 cadavers (26.8%) showed MSU deposits within the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints and 46.3% of cadavers demonstrated MSU deposits within foot tendons, larger than and equal to 5 mm. No MSU deposits were detected in the cranium/intracerebral vessels, or the coronary arteries. Microscopy used as a gold standard could verify the presence of MSU deposits within the lens, thoracic aorta, or foot tendons in eight fresh cadavers. Conclusions: Microscopy confirmed the presence of MSU deposits in fresh cadavers within the lens, thoracic aorta, and foot tendons, whereas no MSU deposits could be detected in cranium/intracerebral vessels or coronary arteries. DECT may offer great potential as a screening tool to detect MSU deposits and measure the total uric acid burden in the body. The clinical impact of this cadaver study in terms of assessment of MSU burden should be further proven.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1240
JournalDiagnostics
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiovascular
  • dual-energy computed tomography
  • gout
  • kidney
  • monosodium urate deposits
  • musculoskeletal
  • ocular lense
  • tendons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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