Prevalence of maxillary midline papillae recession and association with interdental smile line: A cross-sectional study

Georgios A. Kotsakis, Theodora Maragou, Andreas L. Ioannou, Georgios E. Romanos, James E. Hinrichs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to record the prevalence and degree of absence of the maxillary midline interdental papilla and the proportion of patients displaying the maxillary midline papilla during maximum smile among a Caucasian population. Papillary recession was found in 46.4% of study participants (n = 211), while the prevalence of visible recession among maxillary midline papilla during maximum smile was 38.4%, which was statistically significantly less than that of patients diagnosed intraorally with loss of papillary height (P < .001). Correlations between age and level of lip line as well as age and visible papillary recession were identified for individuals over 65 years of age. The high prevalence of midline papillary recession in the maxilla found in this population suggests that loss of papillary height constitutes a substantial clinical challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Volume34
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Periodontics

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