Prevalence of depression in older Mexicans: A nursing home and community based study in Mexico City

Rodolfo E. Albrecht Junghans, David V. Espino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was: (1) to determine the prevalence rates of major and minor depression, and (2) examine the association between depression, the number of medications and number of comorbid illnesses in samples of older community-dwelling and institutionalized Mexicans living in the Mexico City area. A sample of 193 Mexicans, age 60 and older, from a community-based geriatric medicine outpatient clinic and two community-based long term care facilities in Mexico City were chosen for the study. Twenty- four percent (n = 35) of subjects aged 60 to 74 and 49 percent (n = 25, p ≤ 0.001) aged 75 and older were depressed using DSM-IIIR criteria. As in the United States (U.S.), increased medication usage and comorbid conditions were associated with depression, with depressed subjects showing increased use of medications and increased number of comorbid conditions. The results suggest that the prevalence of depression may be similar to that in the United States. However, Mexicans over the age of 75 may be more at risk for depression than U.S. elders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Gerontologist
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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