Prevalence and significance of fluoroquinolone resistant Escherichia coli in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy

Michael A. Liss, Alexandra Chang, Rosanne Santos, Amy Nakama-Peeples, Ellena M. Peterson, Kathryn Osann, John Billimek, Richard J. Szabo, Atreya Dash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We estimated the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistant Escherichia coli in patients undergoing repeat transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy and identified high risk groups. Materials and Methods: From January 2009 to March 2010 rectal swabs of 136 men from 3 institutions undergoing transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy were obtained. There were 33 men with no previous biopsy who served as the controls. Participants completed questionnaires and rectal swab culture was obtained just before performing the prostate biopsy. Selective media was used to specifically isolate fluoroquinolone resistant E. coli and sensitivities were obtained. The patients were contacted via telephone 7 days after the procedure for a followup questionnaire. Results: A total of 30 patients had cultures positive for fluoroquinolone resistant bacteria for an overall rate of 22% (95% CI 15, 29). Patients with diabetes and Asian ethnicity had higher risks of resistant rectal flora colonization (OR 2.3 and 2.8, respectively). However, differences did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.09 and p = 0.08, respectively). Patients with no prior biopsy had a positive rate of 15% (5 of 33) compared to 24% (25 of 103) in those with 1 or more prior biopsies (OR 1.8, p = 0.27). Five patients (3.6%) had post-biopsy fever while only 1 of those patients had a positive rectal swab. Conclusions: Using selective media to isolate fluoroquinolone resistant E. coli from the rectum before transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy, we isolated organisms in 22% of patients with a wide resistance pattern. This protocol may be used to provide information regarding targeted antibiotic prophylaxis before transrectal prostate biopsies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1283-1288
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume185
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • biopsy
  • drug resistance, microbial
  • fluoroquinolones
  • postoperative complications
  • prostate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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