Presynaptic Vesicle Protein SEPTIN5 Regulates the Degradation of APP C-Terminal Fragments and the Levels of Aβ

Mikael Marttinen, Catarina B. Ferreira, Kaisa M.A. Paldanius, Mari Takalo, Teemu Natunen, Petra Mäkinen, Luukas Leppänen, Ville Leinonen, Kenji Tanigaki, Gina Kang, Noboru Hiroi, Hilkka Soininen, Kirsi Rilla, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Mikko Hiltunen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by aberrant amyloid-β (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau aggregation. We have previously investigated the involvement of SEPTIN family members in AD-related cellular processes and discovered a role for SEPTIN8 in the sorting and accumulation of β-secretase. Here, we elucidated the potential role of SEPTIN5, an interaction partner of SEPTIN8, in the cellular processes relevant for AD, including amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and the generation of Aβ. The in vitro and in vivo studies both revealed that the downregulation of SEPTIN5 reduced the levels of APP C-terminal fragments (APP CTFs) and Aβ in neuronal cells and in the cortex of Septin5 knockout mice. Mechanistic elucidation revealed that the downregulation of SEPTIN5 increased the degradation of APP CTFs, without affecting the secretory pathway-related trafficking or the endocytosis of APP. Furthermore, we found that the APP CTFs were degraded, to a large extent, via the autophagosomal pathway and that the downregulation of SEPTIN5 enhanced autophagosomal activity in neuronal cells as indicated by altered levels of key autophagosomal markers. Collectively, our data suggest that the downregulation of SEPTIN5 increases the autophagy-mediated degradation of APP CTFs, leading to reduced levels of Aβ in neuronal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • APP C-terminal fragments
  • autophagy
  • SEPTIN5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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