Prescription Patterns and Outcomes of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Treated With Direct Oral Anticoagulants and Warfarin: A Real-World Analysis

Ajoe John Kattoor, Naga Venkata Pothineni, Akshay Goel, Mahanazuddin Syed, Shorabuddin Syed, Hakan Paydak, Jawahar L. Mehta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been found to be similar or superior to warfarin in reducing ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to examine the anticoagulation prescription patterns in community since the advent of DOACs and also evaluate the outcomes in terms of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, ischemic stroke, and ICH in real-world patients with AF receiving anticoagulation. Methods: This is a retrospective study comprising patients who were newly diagnosed with nonvalvular AF and were prescribed anticoagulants for stroke prevention. Prescription pattern of the anticoagulants based on CHA2DS2Vasc score was studied. Clinical outcomes of GI bleeding, ischemic stroke, and ICH were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: Of the 2362 patients with AF on anticoagulation, 44.7% were prescribed DOACs. Patients with CHA2DS2VASc score of ≥3 received a prescription for warfarin more often than DOACs (P <.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the incidence of GI bleed (odds ratio [OR]: 0.91, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.62-1.35, P =.66) and stroke (OR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.57-1.05, P =.10) was similar between warfarin and DOAC users. However, there was a trend toward lower ICH in the DOAC group (OR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.36-1.01, P =.06). Conclusions: Prescription rate of DOACs for nonvalvular AF has increased significantly, with apixaban being the most commonly used agent. Patients with higher CHA2DS2-VASc score (≥3) are prescribed DOACs less often than warfarin. The reason for this discrepancy is unclear. Given the favorable risk–benefit profile of DOACs, further studies are needed to identify factors that determine anticoagulant selection in patients with AF with high thromboembolic risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-434
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

Keywords

  • DOAC
  • atrial fibrillation
  • outcomes in atrial fibrillation
  • prescription pattern
  • warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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