Prescription Opioid Use is Associated with Virologic Failure in People Living with HIV

John Flores, Yuanyuan Liang, Norma S. Ketchum, Barbara J. Turner, Delia Bullock, Roberto Villarreal, Jennifer S. Potter, Barbara S. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prescription opioid misuse is a rising epidemic in the U.S., and people living with HIV are at increased risk. We assessed the association between prescription opioid use and virologic failure in HIV+ patients in the South Texas HIV Cohort. We found prescription opioid use was significantly associated with virologic failure, after adjustment for age, race, gender, insurance status, years living with HIV, reported HIV risk factor, chronic hepatitis C virus infection, current substance abuse, and care engagement. These findings suggest that opioid analgesic use may have negative consequences beyond misuse in people living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1323-1328
Number of pages6
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Narcotic
  • Prescription opioid
  • Virologic outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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