Approximately 12% to 40% of infective endocarditis patients experience cerebrovascular complications. One of the major clinical challenges in cerebrovascular medicine is management of infective endocarditis patients with cerebrovascular complications who require valve operations. Cerebrovascular specialists are often summoned to address appropriate preoperative brain imaging, timing of surgery, and estimation of the risk of perioperative cerebral embolization and hemorrhage. This article addresses these issues based on the available evidence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine