Prenatal glucocorticoid exposure and postnatal adaptation in premature newborn baboons ventilated for six days

Lynne M. Smith, A. Kimberly Altamirano, M. Gore Ervin, Steven R. Seidner, Alan H. Jobe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Renal and cardiovascular function is improved during the first 24 hours of life in preterm ventilated baboons exposed to prenatal betamethasone (BETA). We hypothesized BETA-induced effects would be sustained through day 6 of life. Study design Pregnant baboons received saline or BETA (6 mg) 48 and 24 hours before preterm delivery at 125 days' gestation. The newborn baboons were ventilated for 6 days, and assessed for renal, cardiovascular, and endocrine function. Results Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values 24 hours after delivery were higher in the BETA group. Kidney Na, K-ATPase activity was higher in the BETA group by day 6. All other measures were similar in both groups by day 6. Conclusion Prenatal BETA exposure in the premature baboon: (1) increases MAP and GFR on day 1 without measurable effects by day 6 and (2) increases kidney Na, K-ATPase activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1688-1694
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume191
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Baboon
  • Betamethasone
  • Cardiovascular
  • Endocrine
  • Renal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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