A prototype system for direct digital panoramic radiography has been evaluated with respect to density, contrast, magnification, distortion, resolution, and overall image quality. Density and contrast depend on detector calibration and may be modified by the display system or by digital processing of the captured image. Variation of magnification in the horizontal and vertical dimensions gives rise to distortion phenomena that are identical to those encountered in film-based systems. Resolution in the vertical dimension is determined by the pitch of the detector elements. In the horizontal dimension, resolution is limited by the effective width of the detector elements. To evaluate the clinical acceptability of the images, radiologists and general practice residents were asked to assess the perceptibility of important radiographic landmarks in film-based and digital images of both a radiographic phantom and a patient. The digital system performed on a par with film in the representation of normal morphologic structures of the clinical human subject whereas more differences were apparent in the phantom images. The general practice residents consistently rated the digital images higher than their radiologist counterparts did. No consistent trends were found to indicate any inherent deficiencies of the digital system in the depiction of any one area. The results indicate the promise of direct digital acquisition as a method of panoramic imaging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine