Predictors of the Development of Chronic Pain

Carole L. White, Sandra M. LeFort, Rhonda Amsel, Mary Ellen Jeans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore the role of potential risk factors in predicting the development of chronic pain. Linear discriminant function analysis was used to derive a prediction equation that maximized the differences between a group of hospitalized patients experiencing acute pain who developed chronic pain (n = 171) and a group whose pain resolved (n = 200). Patients who developed chronic pain reported a higher pain intensity, higher anxiety and distress, less certainty that their pain would resolve, longer hospitalization, less independence in ambulation, a diagnosis of trauma, and less need for surgery. Recognition of these factors could lead to early identification of those individuals with acute pain who are at risk for developing chronic pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-318
Number of pages10
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic pain
  • Outcome predictors
  • Pain resolution
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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