Predictors of patency for arteriovenous fistulae and grafts in pediatric hemodialysis patients

on behalf of the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Background: Hemodialysis (HD) guidelines recommend permanent vascular access (PVA) in children unlikely to receive kidney transplant within 1 year of starting HD. We aimed to determine predictors of primary and secondary patency of PVA in pediatric HD patients. Methods: Retrospective chart reviews were performed for first PVAs in 20 participating centers. Variables collected included patient demographics, complications, interventions, and final outcome. Results: There were 103 arterio-venous fistulae (AVF) and 14 AV grafts (AVG). AVF demonstrated superior primary (p = 0.0391) and secondary patency (p = 0.0227) compared to AVG. Primary failure occurred in 16 PVA (13.6%) and secondary failure in 14 PVA (12.2%). AVF were more likely to have primary failure (odds ratio (OR) = 2.10) and AVG had more secondary failure (OR = 3.33). No demographic, clinical, or laboratory variable predicted primary failure of PVA. Anatomical location of PVA was predictive of secondary failure, with radial having the lowest risk compared to brachial (OR = 12.425) or femoral PVA (OR = 118.618). Intervention-free survival was predictive of secondary patency for all PVA (p = 0.0252) and directly correlated with overall survival of AVF (p = 0.0197) but not AVG. Study center demonstrated statistically significant effect only on intervention-free AVF survival (p = 0.0082), but not number of complications or interventions, or outcomes. Conclusions: In this multi-center pediatric HD cohort, AVF demonstrated primary and secondary patency advantages over AVG. Radial PVA was least likely to develop secondary failure. Intervention-free survival was the only predictor of secondary patency for AVF and directly correlated with overall access survival. The study center effect on intervention-free survival of AVF deserves further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Arteriovenous graft
  • Pediatric hemodialysis
  • Primary patency
  • Secondary patency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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