Predictors of individual differences in alprazolam self-medication

L. M. Oswald, J. D. Roache, H. M. Rhoades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Twenty-seven patients with generalized anxiety or panic disorder participated in a 6-week outpatient study. Participants received capsules containing either alprazolam or placebo and were free to choose between them for anxiety treatment. Measures of drug use included alprazolam preference, amount, and frequency of use. Alprazolam clearly was preferred over placebo; however, there were large between-subjects differences in the amount of medication used. A variety of demographic, drug history, personality, mood, and expectational variables were examined for correlation with medication use. Findings indicated that a substantial amount of variance in medication use could be explained by patients' intake characteristics. Findings also suggested that the tendency to consume capsules frequently may signal a greater risk factor for dependence than does drug preference in and of itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-390
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology


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