Predictors of digital rectal examination in U.S. Latinos

Gregory A. Talavera, Amelie G. Ramirez, Lucina Suarez, Roberto Villarreal, Jose Marti, Edward Trapido, Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Little is known about prostate and colorectal cancer knowledge, attitudes, and screening practices among U.S. Latino men. Even less is known about the population's subgroup variations. This study assessed predictors of having obtained digital rectal examinations (DREs) among four Latino subgroups. Methods: Findings in this report are based on a cross-sectional telephone survey conducted between October 1993 and June 1994 as part of a multisite demonstration project for cancer prevention and control. The survey was conducted in eight U.S. cities identified via census data as having relatively high concentrations of targeted Latino subgroups. The analysis included 1499 Latino men aged ≥40 who self-identified as Central American, Cuban American, Mexican American, or Puerto Rican. Results: Overall, 53% of the sample reported ever having had a DRE and 68% reported ever having heard of the procedure. For all subgroups, the only significant predictor for obtaining a DRE was 'ever heard of DRE.' 'Having your doctor discuss DRE' was a significant factor for Mexican Americans and Puerto Ricans. Conclusions: The lack of a universal DRE cancer-screening model among Latino groups highlights the need to address barriers in the context of the population's diversity. Ecologic approaches and clinician communication with Latinos need to be tailored to accommodate subgroup differences in knowledge, attitude, and practices related to DRE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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