Organ specific autoimmune diseases are relatively common immunological disorders in man which include thyroid autoimmune disease, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and myasthenia gravis. The target autoantigens in some of these diseases have recently been characterised. In thyroid autoimmune disease this includes the key enzyme, thyroid peroxidase (TPO), which is involved in the generation of thyroid hormone. Structural knowledge about autoantigens such as thyroid peroxidase will allow a greater understanding of the interaction between autoantigens and the aberrant immune response, and facilitate the development of strategies for antigen-specific therapeutic manipulation. We report here a prediction of the secondary structure of thyroid peroxidase, together with the results of circular dichroic spectroscopy of a homologous purified enzyme. A combination of 3 secondary structure prediction programs has been used, following multiple sequence alignment, and TPO has been found to consist mainly of α-helical conformation, with little β-sheet present. This structure prediction, together with knowledge of the exon-intron boundaries allows a model for the domain organisation of the TPO molecule to be proposed.
- Circular dichroic spectroscopy
- Secondary structure prediction
- Thyroid peroxidase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology